Monday, December 22, 2008

Does God exist – Part9

Describe this post : 

The reasons why Muslims believe that God exists
 The Quran and the Prophetic Tradition on the Seven Layers of Earth
 Written by Abdul-Dayem Al-Kaheel 
Probing the depths of the Earth and taking pains to uncover the secrets of its internal structure and composition, scientists came to realize that the old myths about the Earth are scientifically baseless.
Scientists in the twentieth century decided that the Earth consists of only three layers.
Having discovered the sphericity of the Earth, they suggested that this sphere comprises three parts; the core, the crust which is very thin compared to the total volume of the Earth and a third layer in between the two called The Mantle. 
1-        Evolution of the scientific facts
However, the three-layer theory didn’t hold true for long, owing to recent discoveries in Geology.
Measurements and recent tests showed that the pressure of the material of the Earth’s core is immense and reaches three million times the pressure at the surface.
Under such pressure the material transforms into the solid state, which means that the core of the Earth is solid and is enclosed by a liquid layer of extremely high temperature.
This also means that the core of the Earth consists of 2 layers not just one; a solid inner core and a liquid upper core.
Measurement devices developed and scientists were able to observe a clear distinction between the different parts of the Earth’s interior.
A layer of hot rocks underneath the crust was discovered, that is the Lithosphere. Underneath the Lithosphere are three layers distinct in density, pressure and temperature.
Having discovered these layers, scientists found themselves dividing the Earth into seven layers and no more.
The Cut-away view below shows these layers drawn to scale according to the recent findings of scientists.
The fact that the Earth comprises seven layers is established. It is taught at universities and observed through seismographs and through studying the magnetic field of the Earth.
Scientists also found out that the atom consists of seven layers which confirms the uniformity of the creation because the system that governs the creation of the whole universe is one, the earth consists of seven layers and each atom on it consists of seven layers too. 
The figure demonstrates the seven layers of the Earth. We note the thin crust then the four layers of the Mantle increasing gradually in thickness.
Next is the liquid outer core then the solid inner core. They all add up to seven layers.
The layers of the Earth are radically different in composition, density, temperature and material.
Hence, the Earth cannot be considered as one layer as was previously believed. The notion of the seven layers is relatively new and didn’t exist at the time the Quran was revealed.
Scientists in the twenty-first century concluded that the Earth consists of seven layers, but what does the Quran have to say about that?
2-        What the Quran says:
Telling of the seven layers of the Heavens and the Earth, God says in the Holy Quran:
“He (Allah) Who created the seven heavens one above the other”
[Qur’an 67:3]
“Allah is He Who created seven heavens and the earth the like of them”
[Qur’an 65:12]
The first verse is talking about two characteristics of the heavens; their number, that is seven, and the arrangement of them (one above the other) or ‘in layers’.
The second verse asserts the similarity between the Earth and the heavens (And the Earth the like of them), so as the heavens consist of seven layers, the earth identically consists of seven layers. 
Let’s ponder on (one above the other). It denotes the layering of the Earth, and this is what today scientists have discovered.
Now we can see that the Quran had determined the structure of the Earth, which is in layers, and had also determined the number of these layers, that is seven.
In other words, the Quran had given a precise description of the earth’s interior, thus it preceded the scientists of the twenty-first century by fourteen centuries in proving this fact. Isn’t this a splendid miracle of the Quran?
3-        What the Hadith says:
Pondering on the Hadith (sayings) of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), we’ll find one that asserts the existence of the seven layers of the earth concentric and one above the other.
The prophet (PBUH) said:
“Whoever usurps even one span of the land, his neck will be encircled because of it with seven earths”
[Narrated by Al Bukhari]
Here the prophet gave another characteristic of the layers, encirclement, by saying (will be encircled with it) and this is how the layers truly look like, they are concentric and each one encircles the one underneath it.
The question here is: Isn’t this a great miracle of the prophet? Not just that the Hadith determines the number of the earth’s layers, seven, and determines the arrangement of these layers, but it also bears an indication to the sphericity of the earth.
From this article we find that the Holy Quran and the Hadith reached these facts about the earth long before modern science did.
The Quran had given us the precise description of the earth’s internal structure (layers one above the other) and also had given us the exact number of these layers, seven, while it took scientists long years of theorizing and re-theorizing to come up with the same conclusions.
So exalted be Allah who said in His Holy Book :
“And on the earth are signs for those who have Faith with certainty, -21- And also in your ownselves. Will you not then see?”
[Qur’an 51:20-21]
·         ‘Inside the Earth’- an article taken from the web site of the USGS
·         ‘The Earth’s layers’- an article
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Monday, December 15, 2008

Does God exist – Part8

Describe this post : 

The reasons why Muslims believe that God exists

The Quran on Deep Seas and Internal Waves:

God has said in the Quran:

“Or (the unbelievers’ state) is like the darkness in a deep sea. It is covered by waves, above which are waves, above which are clouds. Darknesses, one above another. If a man stretches out his hand, he cannot see it.... “

[Qur’an 24:40]

This verse mentions the darkness found in deep seas and oceans, where if a man stretches out his hand, he cannot see it.

The darkness in deep seas and oceans is found around a depth of 200 meters and below. At this depth, there is almost no light (see figure 15).

Below a depth of 1000 meters there is no light at all.1 Human beings are not able to dive more than forty meters without the aid of submarines or special equipment.

Human beings cannot survive unaided in the deep dark part of the oceans, such as at a depth of 200 meters.

Figure 15: Between 3 and 30 percent of the sunlight is reflected at the sea surface.

Then almost all of the seven colors of the light spectrum are absorbed one after another in the first 200 meters, except the blue light. (Oceans, Elder and Pernetta, p. 27.)

Scientists have recently discovered this darkness by means of special equipment and submarines that have enabled them to dive into the depths of the oceans.

We can also understand from the following sentences in the previous verse, “ a deep sea. It is covered by waves, above which are waves, above which are clouds....”, that the deep waters of seas and oceans are covered by waves, and above these waves are other waves.

It is clear that the second set of waves is the surface waves that we see, because the verse mentions that above the second waves there are clouds.

But what about the first waves?

Scientists have recently discovered that there are internal waves which “occur on density interfaces between layers of different densities.”2 (see figure 16).

Figure 16: Internal waves at interface between two layers of water of different densities.

One is dense (the lower one), the other one is less dense (the upper one). (Oceanography, Gross, p. 204.)

The internal waves cover the deep waters of seas and oceans because the deep waters have a higher density than the waters above them.

Internal waves act like surface waves.

They can also break, just like surface waves. Internal waves cannot be seen by the human eye, but they can be detected by studying temperature or salinity changes at a given location.3


(1) Oceans, Elder and Pernetta, p. 27.

(2) Oceanography, Gross, p. 205.

(3) Oceanography, Gross, p. 205.


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3. Anyone ... and I mean anyone (Muslim or not Muslim) who needs my help or wants to directly communicate with me about any matter in Islam … please don't hesitate to contact me on my personal e-mail