Sunday, September 28, 2008

Polyandry

Describe this post : 

If a man is allowed to have more than one wife, then why does Islam prohibit a woman from having more than one husband?

A lot of people, including some Muslims, question the logic of allowing Muslim men to have more than one spouse while denying the same ‘right’ to women.

Let me first state emphatically, that the foundation of an Islamic society is justice and equity. Allah has created men and women as equal, but with different capabilities and different responsibilities.

Men and women are different, physiologically and psychologically. Their roles and responsibilities are different. Men and women are equal in Islam, but not identical.

Surah Nisa’ (means women) Chapter 4 verses 22 to 24 gives the list of women with whom
Muslim men can not marry.

“And marry not those women whom your fathers married, except what hath already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! it was ever lewdness and abomination, and an evil way. (22) Forbidden unto you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father's sisters, and your mother's sisters, and your brother's daughters and your sister's daughters, and your foster-mothers, and your foster-sisters, and your mothers-in-law, and your step-daughters who are under your protection (born) of your women unto whom ye have gone in - but if ye have not gone in unto them, then it is no sin for you (to marry their daughters) - and the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins. And (it is forbidden unto you) that ye should have two sisters together, except what hath already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful. (23) And all married women (are forbidden? unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. Lawful unto you are all beyond those mentioned, so that ye seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock, not debauchery .And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual agreement after the duty (hath been done). Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise. (24)

[Al-Qur’an 4:22 till 4:24]

It is further mentioned in Surah Nisa’ Chapter 4 verse 24:

Also (prohibited are) women already married

[Al-Qur’an 4:24]


The following points enumerate the reasons why polyandry is prohibited in Islam:

1. If a man has more than one wife, the parents of the children born of such marriages can easily be identified. The father as well as the mother can easily be identified. In case of a woman marrying more than one husband, only the mother of the children born of such marriages will be identified and not the father. Islam gives tremendous importance to the identification of parents, mother and father. Psychologists tell us that children who do not know their parents, especially their father undergo severe mental trauma and disturbances. Often they have an unhappy childhood. It is for this reason that the children of prostitutes do not have a healthy childhood.
If a child born of such wedlock is admitted in school, and when the mother is asked the name of the father, she would have to give two or more names!

I am aware that recent advances in science have made it possible for both the mother and father to be identified with the help of genetic testing. Thus this point which was applicable for the past may not be applicable for the present.

2. Man is more polygamous by nature as compared to a woman.

3. Biologically, it is easier for a man to perform his duties as a husband despite
having several wives. A woman, in a similar position, having several
husbands, will not find it possible to perform her duties as a wife. A woman
undergoes several psychological and behavioral changes due to different
phases of the menstrual cycle.

4. A woman who has more than one husband will have several sexual
partners at the same time and has a high chance of acquiring venereal or
sexually transmitted diseases which can also be transmitted back to her
husband even if all of them have no extra-marital sex. This is not the case
in a man having more than one wife, and none of them having extra-marital
sex.

The above reasons are those that one can easily identify. There are probably many more reasons why Allah, in His Infinite Wisdom, has prohibited polyandry.


P.S.: From "Answers to non-Muslims, Common questions about Islam" Authored by Dr.Zakir Abdul-Karim Naik.


For any further inquiries please leave your comment...


Wednesday, September 24, 2008

Polygamy

Describe this post : 

Why is a man allowed to have more than one wife in Islam? i.e. why is polygamy allowed in Islam?


The answer for this question is presented in 8 sections, which are:

  1. Definition of Polygamy.
  2. Qur'an is the only religion that says 'marry only one'.
  3. Qur'an permits limited Polygyny.
  4. Average life span of females is more than of males.
  5. India has more male population than female due to female foeticide and infanticide.
  6. World female population is more than male population.
  7. Restricting each and every man to have only one wife is not practical.
  8. Marring a married man preferable to becoming 'public property'.

1. Definition of Polygamy

Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse.


Polygamy can be of two types:

· One is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman,

· and the other is polyandry, where a woman marries more than one man.


In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted; whereas polyandry is completely prohibited.

Now coming to the original question, why is a man allowed to have more than

one wife?



2. The Qur’an is the only religious scripture in the world that says, “marry only one”.

The Qur’an is the only religious book, on the face of this earth, that contains the phrase marry only one’. There is no other religious book that instructs men to have only one wife.


In none of the other religious scriptures, whether it be the Vedas, the Ramayan, the Mahabharat, the Geeta, the Talmud or the Bible does one find a restriction on the number of wives.


According to these scriptures one can marry as many as one wishes. It was only later, that the Hindu priests and the Christian Church restricted the number of wives to one.


Many Hindu religious personalities, according to their scriptures, had multiple wives. King Dashrat, the father of Rama, had more than one wife. Krishna had several wives.


In earlier times, Christian men were permitted as many wives as they wished, since the Bible puts no restriction on the number of wives. It was only a few centuries ago that the Church restricted the number of wives to one.


Polygyny is permitted in Judaism. According to Talmudic law, Abraham had three wives, and Solomon had hundreds of wives. The practice of polygyny continued till Rabbi Gershom ben Yehudah (960 C.E to 1030 C.E) issued an edict against it.


The Jewish Sephardic communities living in Muslim countries continued the practice till as late as 1950, until an Act of the Chief Rabbinate of Israel extended the ban on marrying more than one wife.


(*Interesting Note:- As per the 1975 census of India Hindus are more polygynous than Muslims. The report of the ‘Committee of The Status of Woman in Islam’, published in 1975 mentions on page numbers 66 and 67 that the percentage of polygamous marriages between the years 1951 and 1961 was 5.06% among the Hindus and only 4.31% among the Muslims.


According to Indian law only Muslim men are permitted to have more than one wife. It is illegal for any non-Muslim in India to have more than one wife.


Despite it being illegal, Hindus have more multiple wives as compared to Muslims.


Earlier, there was no restriction even on Hindu men with respect to the number of wives allowed.


It was only in 1954, when the Hindu Marriage Act was passed that it became illegal for a Hindu to have more than one wife.


At present it is the Indian Law that restricts a Hindu man from having more than one wife and not the Hindu scriptures).


Let us now analyze why Islam allows a man to have more than one wife.



3. Qur’an permits limited polygyny

As I mentioned earlier, Qur’an is the only religious book on the face of the earth that says ‘marry only one’. The context of this phrase is the following verse from Surah Nisa of the Glorious Qur’an:


“Marry women of your choice, two, or three, or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one.”

[Al-Qur’an 4:3]


Before the Qur’an was revealed, there was no upper limit for polygyny and many men had scores of wives, some even hundreds. Islam put an upper limit of four wives. Islam gives a man permission to marry two, three or four women, only on the condition that he deals justly with them.


In the same chapter i.e. Surah Nisa verse 129 says:


“Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women....”

[Al-Qur’an 4:129]


Therefore polygyny is not a rule but an exception. Many people are under the Misconception that it is compulsory for a Muslim man to have more than one wife.


Broadly, Islam has five categories of Do’s and Don’ts:

(i) ‘Fard’ i.e. compulsory or obligatory

(ii) ‘Mustahab’ i.e. recommended or encouraged

(iii) ‘Mubah’ i.e. permissible or allowed

(iv) ‘Makruh’ i.e. not recommended or discouraged

(v) ‘Haraam’ i.e. prohibited or forbidden.


Polygyny falls in the middle category of things that are permissible. It cannot be said that a Muslim who has two, three or four wives is a better Muslim as compared to a Muslim who has only one wife.



4. Average life span of females is more than that of males

By nature males and females are born in approximately the same ratio. A female child has more immunity than a male child.


A female child can fight the germs and diseases better than the male child. For this reason, during the pediatric age itself there are more deaths among males as compared to the females.


During wars, there are more men killed as compared to women. More men die due to accidents and diseases than women. The average life span of females is more than that of males, and at any given time one finds more widows in the world than widowers.



5. India has more male population than female due to female foeticide and infanticide

India is one of the few countries, along with the other neighboring countries, in which the female population is less than the male population.


The reason lies in the high rate of female infanticide in India, and the fact that more than one million female foetuses are aborted every year in this country, after they are identified as females.


If this evil practice is stopped, then India too will have more females as compared to males.



6. World female population is more than male population

In the USA, women outnumber men by 7.8 million. New York alone has one million more females as compared to the number of males, and of the male population of New York one-third are gays i.e sodomites.


The U.S.A as a whole has more than twenty-five million gays. This means that these people do not wish to marry women.


Great Britain has four million more females as compared to males.

Germany has five million more females as compared to males.

Russia has nine million more females than males.

God alone knows how many million more females there are in the whole world as compared to males.



7. Restricting each and every man to have only one wife is not practical

Even if every man got married to one woman, there would still be more than thirty million females in U.S.A who would not be able to get husbands (considering that America has twenty five million gays).


There would be more than four million females in Great Britain, 5 million females in Germany and nine million females in Russia alone who would not be able to find a husband.


Suppose my sister happens to be one of the unmarried women living in USA, or suppose your sister happens to be one of the unmarried women in USA.


The only two options remaining for her are that she either marries a man who already has a wife or becomes 'public property'. There is no other option. All those who are modest will opt for the first.


Most women would not like to share their husband with other women. But in

Islam when the situation deems it really necessary, Muslim women in due faith could bear a small personal loss to prevent a greater loss of letting other Muslim sisters becoming 'public properties'.



8. Marring a married man preferable to becoming 'public property'

In Western society, it is common for a man to have mistresses and/or multiple extra-marital affairs, in which case, the woman leads a disgraceful, unprotected life.


The same society, however, cannot accept a man having more than one wife, in which women retain their honorable, dignified position in society and lead a protected life.


Thus the only two options before a woman who cannot find a husband is to marry a married man or to become 'public property'.


Islam prefers giving women the honorable position by permitting the first option and disallowing the second.

There are several other reasons, why Islam has permitted limited polygyny, but it is mainly to protect the modesty of women.


P.S.: From "Answers to non-Muslims, Common questions about Islam" Authored by Dr.Zakir Abdul-Karim Naik.


For any further inquiries please leave your comment...

Monday, September 22, 2008

Islam basic beliefs in a nutshell

Describe this post : 
Islamic Lingo:

The word "Islam" is Arabic for "submission to Allah".

Every language has one or more terms that are used in reference to God and sometimes to lesser deities.

This is not the case with the word ‘Allah’. Allah is the personal name of the One True God. Nothing else can be called Allah.

The term has no plural or gender. This shows its exclusivity when compared to the word ‘god’ which can be made plural, i.e. ‘gods’ or feminine, i.e. ‘goddess’.

It is interesting to note that Allah is the personal name of God in Aramaic, the language of Jesus (p).


The word Allah is a reflection of the unique concept that Islam associates with God. To a Muslim, Allah is the Almighty, Creator and Sustainer of the universe, who is similar to none and nothing is comparable to Him.

Some non-Muslims allege that the concept of God in Islam is that of a stern and cruel God who demands to be obeyed fully. He is not loving and kind !!!

Nothing can be farther from the truth than this allegation. It is enough to know that with the exception of one, each of the 114 chapters of the Qur’an begins with the verse: “In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful”.

In one of the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (p) we are told: “God is more loving and kinder than a mother to her dear child.


The basic belief:

The basic belief of Muslims is that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is his final messenger...

Muslims believe in all messengers sent by "Allah" including Muhammad, Jesus and Moses (as they are all considered as messengers in Islam)...

And Muslims believe in all holy scriptures sent by "Allah" including Quran, Bible and Torah (where Bible and Torah are considered corrupted now and not containing the original script sent by "Allah")...

Islam has over one billion followers all over the world. Prophet Muhammad, who received the Holy Scriptures of Islam, the Quran, from "Allah" C. AD 610, was the founder...

Islam maintains that Muhammad is the last in a long line of holy prophets, preceded by Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.

A Muslim has to believe in:
  • All these messengers and the holy scriptures sent to them including(Bible and Torah).
  • That Muhammad is the final messenger and prophet.
  • And that the complete and final holy scripture for all humanity from Allah is Quran.
or else he/she is not considered a Muslim.

In addition to being devoted to Quran, followers of Islam (Muslims) are devoted to the worship of Allah through the Five Pillars and the statement which are:

  1. The Statement: "There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet(messenger)".
  2. Practices include prayer, conducted five times a day while facing Mecca direction;
  3. The giving of alms;
  4. The keeping of the fast of Ramadan (the ninth month of the Muslim year "Hijri year");
  5. And the making of a pilgrimage at least once in lifetime to Mecca, IF POSSIBLE.

A Muslim is only responsible on the doom day of his own sins not his parents', not his children and not his ancestors. Only his sins, which may be forgiven after all, or out-weighted by his good deeds :)

P.S.:
  1. To get more information about Islam http://islam-heart.blogspot.com/2008/09/info-about-islam.html
  2. Leave your comments for any further inquiries ...

Sunday, September 14, 2008

Info about Islam

Describe this post : 

Info about Islam

· Introducing Islam:

o Islamic Information Network, Inc., Jacksonville, Florida, USA:

§ http://www.understandingislam.org/0031_Islam.html

o Be Convinced Website:

§ http://www.beconvinced.com/

o In 16 different Languages:

§ http://www.submission.org/

o Islam Online Network:

§ http://www.islamonline.net/english/introducingislam/index.shtml


· Detailed info about Islam Prophet Muhammad:

o http://www.muhammad.net/

o http://muhammad.islamonline.net/English/index.shtml

o http://www.cair.com/Muhammad/page.asp?pageid=atc

o http://www.theprophetmuhammad.org/

o Muhammad's life in 10 languages-wonderful:

§ http://www.islamway.com/mohammad/?lang=eng


· Materials:

o Free Audio/Video/Documentary materials:

§ http://msa.evansville.edu/PagesForNonMuslims/index2.html

o Dar-us-Salam Publications – buy authentic Islamic materials:

§ http://www.dar-us-salam.com/

o Free Islamic Books in different Languages and sent by mail:

§ http://www.sultan.org/books/

o Videos - Scientists Comments on the Quran:

§ http://islamyesterday.com/science/

o Books/Audio Books/Articles/Sites/Movies/Documents - in 43 languages :

§ http://www.harunyahya.com/

§ http://www.harunyahya.net/

· Islam and Attacking Foreigners:

o http://www.islamonline.net/English/In_Depth/ShariahAndHumanity/Articles/2006/04/02.shtml


· Deep into Islam:

o Shari`ah and Ahadith (Rules of Islam and Conversations of the prophet):

§ http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?hSection=LSEHS&pagename=Zone-English-Living_Shariah/LSESection

o To search for Tafseer(Meanings or Explanations) for any verse of the Quran- In 24 Languages:

o Various other websites:

o A website that contains links to various other websites:

§ http://www.sultan.org/

o Everything about Islam specially for new-Muslims and for who wants to be a Muslim:

§ http://islamworld.net/

o A Brief Illustrated Guide To Understanding Islam- in 12 languages:

§ http://www.islam-guide.com/

· Miracles:

o In Quran and Sunnah – In 9 languages:

§ http://www.miraclesofthequran.com/

§ http://www.55a.net/firas/english/index.php

o The medical miracles of the Holy Quran:

§ http://www.islamicmedicine.org/medmiraclesofquran/medmiracleseng.htm

  • Women in Islam:

o Resources for and about Muslim women:

§ http://jannah.org/sisters

o Women in Islam VS Women in the Judeo-Christian Tradition:



  • Quran:
    • Contains Quran text in 45 languages with the ability to search:



P.S.: Please leave your comments for any further inquires ...